- Understand the definition of morphemes
- Explore the typology of morphology across the world’s languages
- Define syntax and syntactic categories
This chapter is an introduction to words and their meaning. We will explore meaningful units of language and their typology across different languages. This includes inflectional, isolating, agglutinative and polysynthetic morphologies. We will also look at inflectional versus derivational morpheme translations as well as unusual nonconcatenative morphology in Semitic languages. We will also look at syntax and the parts-of-speech that make up sentences or utterances. We will end this chapter with a look at word order and how they differ across languages.